What is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

Surgery is often considered the last resort for treating spinal problems in the neck and back. It is only considered after alternative treatments have been done without any improvements in the condition of the patient. Surgery is often the final treatment option for various spine problems including sciatica and spinal stenosis. The type of surgery to be performed on a patient is determined by the severity of his condition. Minimally invasive surgery is quickly becoming one of the most preferred treatment options for various back and neck problems.

To be eligible for minimally invasive surgery, patients have to be carefully examined. This allows doctors to select a treatment option that is suitable for treating the specific condition of the patient. X-rays, CAT scans, and MRI are usually performed on the patient before surgery. This is because the incorporation of the technologies into minimally invasive surgery usually requires doctors to tailor radiological procedures to fit each operation that often requires a new scan.

Minimally invasive surgery is popular because it minimizes hospital stay. Patients who have simple surgeries can go home a few hours after the surgery is complete. In the case of lumbar fusion surgery, a patient can go home after two or three days. In the past, it used to take about a week for the patient to be considered for discharge. In addition, minimally invasive surgery comes with minimal post-surgery pain.

Patients can resume their normal duties a few days after being discharged from treatment. The length of time a patient is required to rest before resuming daily duties is determined by the nature of the patient’s work. Patients who work in an office setting can go back to work after a week or two whereas patients who are casual laborers may take longer before going back to work. In general, it takes shorter periods for patients to go back to work after undergoing MISS compared to open surgery.

Recovery periods usually vary with each patient. Many patients go back to their daily duties within six weeks while others take longer. Patients are encouraged to join physical therapy programs to expedite healing. The recovery period for minimally invasive surgery is determined by the type of surgery involved and the severity of the patient’s problem. Nevertheless, minimally invasive surgery has shorter recovery periods than open surgery. Remember, each minimally invasive procedure has its own recovery period.

Some patients are given a back brace after undergoing MISS to enhance comfort. However, this type of surgery is meant to preserve muscle function and comes with implants that act as internal braces eliminating the need for wearing the external braces. However, it is advisable to use the conventional brace as well to minimize pain and help maintain posture. For the best results, it is important to follow up treatment with physical therapy. Patients can decide when to start therapy but it is often advisable to start at least two to six weeks after surgery. Other factors that determine when therapy can start include the patient’s condition and the type of surgery involved.

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