Spinal Reconstructive Surgery

Reasons To Consider Spinal Reconstructive Surgery

The spine is made up of 26 vertebrae, and each is separated by a disc, except for the top two neck vertebrae. Discs are soft on the inside and surrounded by strong fibers called the annulus on the outside. Bony structures, discs, ligaments and strong muscles keep the spine in place. Nerves roots transmit electrical impulses and signals between organs, muscles and the brain. This constitutes the spinal cord.

Nerve roots may become compromised by spinal injury or other deformities.

Some Reasons For Spinal Surgery

Spinal Stenosis

Most spinal stenosis cases occur due to arthritis. The spinal cord and nerves may get pinched due to tightening of the spinal canal, causing numbness, tingling, or pain in the arms, legs, or torso. This condition usually applies to adults 50 years and older.

Herniated Discs

A herniated disc can be either pinched nerves caused by the disc, or pain of the disc itself. When a disc is leaking it can pinch or irritate nearby nerves and is called radicular pain. When the disc has an issue that causes it to produce pain, the cause is usually degeneration from wear and tear, but other causes are possible. This is known as axial pain.


Spondylolisthesis occurs mostly in the lower spine when one vertebra slides over the one under it. This may lead to the nerves or spinal cord being squeezed, possibly causing numbness, weakness, or pain in one or both legs.


Scoliosis is a curvature in the spine. Most of the time doctors cannot determine what is the cause of the curve. Scoliosis without known cause is idiopathic. Scoliosis with known causes are divided by nonstructural, where the spine functions normally and is just curved, and structural, where the spine is irreversibly curved due to muscular dystrophy, birth defects, cerebral palsy, and other ailments.

Living with any of these conditions can take a great toll on a person’s well-being. Constantly being in pain as a result of a spinal condition can be an agonizing process, and the difficulties that a person faces with these conditions can be a tremendous burden on their ability to lead a normal, productive and happy life. Luckily there are modern medical interventions that can be taken to greatly reduce the burden that the patient faces when they’re afflicted with these conditions. Jeffrey M. Epstein specializes in reconstructive surgery and pain management, having helped many patients in his tenure regain their quality of life. If you suffer from any of these conditions, booking a consultation with him will put you on the fast track toward gaining your productivity and comfort back.